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Infectious Diseases

Florida Department of Health in Volusia County Epidemiology

The Disease Control Division provides information, screening and education for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), HIV, tuberculosis (TB) and other reportable diseases. The division’s focus is to prevent and/or control the spread of communicable diseases and to protect the integrity of a healthy community.

Health Alert:  Monkeypox

Monkeypox in the same family as smallpox and chickenpox. It typically begins with flu-like symptoms then progresses to a rash or lesions and may include swollen lymph nodes, persistent fever, intense headaches and intense muscle aches. It can spread through direct prolonged contact with someone with an active rash or by handling items that have touched an infectious rash.  The illness usually lasts 2–4 weeks. While there is a recent significant increase in reported cases, the current risk of getting monkeypox in the general public is very low.

Vaccines for monkeypox may be available for asymptomatic individuals with known exposure or risk factors to include:

  • Laboratory personnel and select health care personnel at high risk for monkeypox,
  • Close contacts of monkeypox cases (intimate or sexual),
  • Immunocompromised men who have sex with men with HIV (< 200 CD4 white blood cells per ml3) with potential exposure,
  • All men who have sex with men with HIV or a history of STDs who had a potential monkeypox exposure,
  • All other men who have sex with men.

For more information about the monkeypox vaccine, please call (386) 274-0509. For more information on monkeypox visit the Florida Department of Health or the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).